Influences of Health and Wellness Coaching Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention: A Correlational Study

Date
2020
Authors
Babcock, Jyenny
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Abstract
Increasing entrepreneurial roles among health workers signifies a need for entrepreneurial competencies. Development of entrepreneurial competencies is sometimes inadequately addressed in health training program curricula, which requires knowledge of student entrepreneurial characteristics to be sufficiently developed. The problem was the entrepreneurial characteristics of health and wellness coaching students were unknown. This gap in knowledge of student entrepreneurial characteristics prevents faculty from tailoring entrepreneurial education to student characteristics and needs. The purpose of this research was to document the entrepreneurial intention of health and wellness coaching students and determine the influence of gender, age, and individual entrepreneurial orientation of students to aid faculty development of effective entrepreneurial education. This quantitative correlational research was framed by the theory of planned behavior to determine the degree to which gender, age, and individual entrepreneurial orientation, individually and collectively, influenced the entrepreneurial intention of students in health and wellness coach training programs. Data were collected through an Internet-based survey using a total population sample of health and wellness coaching students (n = 63). Analyses showed 69.8% of students had entrepreneurial intention. Multiple regression was used to investigate whether gender, age, and individual entrepreneurial orientation influenced student entrepreneurial intention. Individually, age had a significant, positive influence on entrepreneurial intention; gender and individual entrepreneurial orientation had no influence. Collectively, gender, age, and individual entrepreneurial orientation did not influence entrepreneurial intention. The substantial proportion of health and wellness coaching students with entrepreneurial intention showed a need for coach training programs to offer entrepreneurial education tailored to suit student entrepreneurial characteristics.
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Keywords
Health and Wellness Coaching, Entrepreneurial Intention, Individual Entrepreneurial Orientation
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