Exploring Student Experiences Emerging from Global Citizenship Education: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis

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2022-03
Authors
Lindo, Jason M.
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Abstract
The need to develop global citizens is an essential task increasingly recognized by higher education institutions (HEIs). The problem is HEIs within the United States are not delivering effective global citizenship education (GCE) and are uncertain how to bridge the theoretical understanding and pedagogical practices of GCE because the defining characteristics of GCE remain contested. A gap in the literature defining GCE from the experiences of those who have undergone an educational experience with global citizenship exists, specifically to address the need for HEIs to develop globally-minded students. The purpose of the qualitative interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) study was to explore the experiences of individuals who were matriculated in a GCE program from a United States HEI to better understand the phenomenon of global citizenship. The theoretical underpinnings of David Kolb’s (1984) experiential learning theory and Lev Vygotsky’s (1978) sociocultural theory provide a foundation to explore the development of global citizenship of students. The research questions used to guide the focus of the study explored students’ experiences, the perceived impact of the program, and significant components of the program. The journey of a global citizenship program, as understood by 21 purposefully selected participants, was investigated through an interpretive phenomenological analysis. Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews reviewed by three subject matter experts were utilized. More than 649 unique codes formed 62 child themes and seven parent themes through inductive coding. Participants developed a holistic worldview through the influence of others and came to associate global citizenship as an identity as opposed to global exploration. Keywords: global citizenship education, international education, GCE, GCED, globalization, global citizen, global social justice, global development, higher education internationalization, travel abroad
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